Only when you are pedalling should you shift gear and only one at a time, if not this may drop your chain off the cassette or jam your chain. Also try not to cross chain, this is where your gear choice is too extreme on the rear cassette and front cogs at one time, this can break the chain.
In addition, attempt to foresee the shift and terrain before you are needing to. When approaching a stop, shift down a gear so it’s then easier to get up and started again.
Usually, the front brake will be run by the left brake, the back brake will be run by the right brake. If you are a beginner, it is best to start by using both brakes at once.
Where you should look when you are riding
Focus your eyes 20–30 feet in front of you, so that you can expect any obstacles and turns in your way. Do not look down towards the front wheel, look in front where you are wanting to go. Avoid looking at obstacles that you are wanting to avoid as this may make you head that way.
Turning on the road bike
When preparing to turn, firstly brake and then slow down your speed prior to starting the turn. Aim for the outer corner of each turn then you can lean on the bike going into the turn by slightly pushing on the handlebars and pedal. Using this will help you to move through each turn more simply.
Road bike etiquette and rules
Just the same as running or walking , never ride against the traffic. Ensure you move along with the traffic and avoid any hazards such as; curbs, potholes and car doors. If you are riding with friends, ride in a single file line rather than side by side. Always use clear hand signals that will let others know of your actions.